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(function() { function page_type (loc) { /* only four page types: - Story - Poll - Homepage (/ only) - Other (but AdOps wants 'Homepage' again) */ var path = loc.pathname; var just_the_root = /^\/?$/.test(path); var story_or_poll = /^\/(story|submission|poll)\//i.exec(path); var page_type = just_the_root ? 'homepage' : story_or_poll ? story_or_poll[1] : 'other' // exceptions page_type = page_type.toLowerCase() === 'submission' ? 'story' // submissions are like stories, right? : page_type page_type = page_type.toLowerCase() === 'other' ? 'homepage' // this one might move out of here : page_type; return page_type; } function page_section (loc) { var greek = ['alpha', 'beta', 'gamma', 'delta'].join('|'); var hostwise = '^([a-z]+)(?:-(?:'+greek+'))?\\.(?:slashdot\\.org|[a-z]+-[0-9]+\\.sb\\.sf\\.net)$'; var pathwise = '^/(?:(recent|popular|blog)|stories/([^/]+))'; var rootwise = '^\/?$'; var hostwisely = new RegExp(hostwise,'i').exec(loc.hostname); var pathwisely = new RegExp(pathwise,'i').exec(loc.pathname); var rootwisely = new RegExp(rootwise,'i').exec(loc.pathname); var all_greek_to_me = new RegExp( '^(' + greek + ')$' ,'i'); function no_greek_for_me (barbarian) { return all_greek_to_me.test(barbarian) ? false : barbarian ; } var section = (hostwisely && no_greek_for_me(hostwisely[1])) || (rootwisely && 'homepage') || (pathwisely && (pathwisely[1] || pathwisely[2])) || '' ; section.replace(/[^_a-z]/ig, ''); return section; } function single_size (size) { return '' + size[0] + 'x' + size[1]; } function sz_sz (sz) { var str = ''; var sizes = []; if (sz[0] instanceof Array) { for (size in sz) { sizes.push(single_size(sz[size])); } return sizes.join(','); } else { return single_size(sz); } } /* LEGEND: - 'sz' = "size" - 'npt' = "no page type" in ad unit name - 'oops' = "out-of-page slot" for great justice */ var tags = { '728x90_A': { 'sz': [[728, 90], [970, 90], [970, 250], [980, 66]] } , '728x90_B': { 'sz': [728, 90] } , 'HubIcon_200x90_A': { 'sz': [[200, 90], [220, 90]]} , 'PowerSwitch_980x66_A': { 'sz': [980, 66] } , 'PollPeel': { 'sz': [200, 90] } , 'VideoWidget_300x250': { 'sz': [300, 250], 'npt': 1 } , '300x250_A': { 'sz': [[300, 250], [300, 600], [300, 1050]] } , '300x250_B': { 'sz': [[300, 250], [300, 600]] } , '300x250_C': { 'sz': [[300, 250], [300, 600]] } , '300x250_D': { 'sz': [[300, 250], [300, 600]] } }; var network_path = '/4140/ostg.slashdot/'; var tag_name_prefix = 'SD'; var tag_name_linkage = '_'; var tag_name_pagetype = page_type(location); var tag_topic = page_section(location); var before_tag_pagetyped = network_path + tag_name_prefix + tag_name_linkage + tag_name_pagetype + tag_name_linkage ; var before_tag_pagetypeless = network_path + tag_name_prefix + tag_name_linkage /* + tag_name_pagetype */ /* + tag_name_linkage */ ; googletag.cmd.push(function() { function define_me_a_slot (tag, oops) { var sandbox_regex = /[a-z]+-[0-9]+\.sb\.sf\.net$/i; var beta_regex = /\b(alpha|beta|gamma|delta)\b/i; var full_name = tags[tag].npt // "no page type" ? before_tag_pagetypeless + tag : before_tag_pagetyped + tag ; var div_id = 'div-gpt-ad-' + tag.toLowerCase(); var service; if (oops) { // out-of-page slot console.log(full_name + ": define out of page slot (" + div_id + "-oops)"); service = googletag.defineOutOfPageSlot( full_name , div_id + '-oops' ).addService(googletag.pubads()); } else { console.log(full_name + ": define slot (" + div_id + ")"); service = googletag.defineSlot( full_name , tags[tag].sz , div_id ).addService(googletag.pubads()); } if (!oops) { // no sizes for out-of-page slots service.setTargeting('sz', tags[tag].sz); } service.setTargeting('tpc', tag_topic); if (location.hostname.match(sandbox_regex)) { service.setTargeting('test', 'adops'); } if (location.hostname.match(beta_regex)) { service.setTargeting('site', 'beta'); } // this is a little hackish: if slot has oops:1 // then do the same slot one more time, // but set it up as out-of-page if (tags[tag].oops) { // "out-of-page slot" tags[tag].oops = 0; // infinite recursion! define_me_a_slot(tag, true); } } for (tag in tags) { define_me_a_slot(tag, false); } googletag.pubads().enableAsyncRendering(); //googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(); googletag.enableServices(); }); })();

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$(function(){ var $CURRENT_MENU, $TAG_MENU=$('#tag-menu'), NOTNOT=/^!!/, IE7=/^7\.0/, TAG_PREFIX=/^\/tag\//; function get_tag_name( $tag ){ return ($tag.attr('href') || '').replace(TAG_PREFIX, '') || $tag.text().toLowerCase(); } function trigger_menu( e, selector, $menu, menu_content ){ var $target=$(original_target(e, selector)), in_use=$'.trigger'); if ( $CURRENT_MENU ) { $'cancel', e); $CURRENT_MENU = null; } if ( !in_use ) { menu_content && $menu.stop(true, true).hide().html(menu_content); ($CURRENT_MENU=$menu).menu('context', e); } return !in_use; } function open_menu( trigger, $menu ){ var $trigger=$(trigger), $fhitem=$trigger.closest('.fhitem'); $fhitem.length && user_intent('interest', $fhitem[0]); $menu.appendTo(document.body).css({ opacity:0 }).show(); var right= $fhitem.offset().left + $fhitem.width(), global= $trigger.offset(), local= $menu.offsetParent().offset(); // Ugly IE position hack required: $.browser.msie && IE7.test($.browser.version) && ( = 0); // pin the menu (horizontally) on-screen global.left = Math.min(global.left, right-$menu.width()); $trigger.addClass('trigger'); $menu.css({ position:'absolute', - + $trigger.height(), left:global.left - local.left, opacity:1 }); } function close_menu( trigger, $menu ){ $menu.hide(); $(trigger).removeClass('trigger'); ($CURRENT_MENU===$menu) && ($CURRENT_MENU=false); } /* T2 tag context-menu */ var $TAG_MENU=$('#tag-menu'), NOTNOT=/^!!/; var user_is_admin = 0; $('a[rel=tag]').live('mousedown',function(ea){; return false; }) $('.tag-bar .disagree').live('mousedown',function(ee){ var fhitem = $(original_target(ee)).closest('.fhitem')[0], command = ('!' + $(original_target(ee)).attr("data-tag")).replace(NOTNOT, ''); try { Tags.submit(fhitem, command); } catch ( err ) { } return false; }) $('a[rel=tag]'). live('mousedown', function( e ){ return true; }). live('click', function( e ){ if ( !logged_in ) { vartarget= original_target(e), tag= $(target).text(); addfhfilter(tag); } e.preventDefault(); return false; }); ${ cssNamespace: 'slash', liveTriggers: true, clickDuration: 300, start: function( e, ui ){ var$tag= $(ui.trigger), tag= get_tag_name($tag), context= firehose_settings && firehose_settings.viewtitle; // Insert the tagname into the menu items where needed. $TAG_MENU.find('span.var-tag').text(tag); $TAG_MENU.find('a.nix').attr('title','not ' + tag); // non-admins may only delete their own tags $TAG_MENU.find('a:[data-op="-"]').toggle($'.my')); // *tagname* in *viewtitle* $TAG_MENU.find('a:[data-op="="]').toggle(!!context); context && $TAG_MENU.find('span.var-view').text(context); open_menu($tag, $TAG_MENU); }, select: function( e, ui ){ var$tag= $(ui.trigger), tag= get_tag_name($tag), op= $('data-op'), fhitem, command; // Global for positioning other things. $related_trigger = $tag; switch ( op ) { case '=': addfhfilter(tag); break; default: fhitem = $tag.closest('.fhitem')[0]; command = (op + tag).replace(NOTNOT, ''); try { Tags.submit(fhitem, command); } catch ( err ) { } break; } }, stop: function( e, ui ){ close_menu(ui.trigger, $TAG_MENU); } }); /* T2 feedback context-menu */ /* T2 datatype context-menu (admin-only) */ });

Study: Ad-Free Internet Would Cost Everyone $230-a-Year 65

Posted by Soulskill , from the monopoly-money dept.
Several readers sent word of research into the cost of internet content without ads. They looked at the amount of money spent on internet advertising last year in the U.K., and compared it to the number of U.K. internet users. On average, each user would have to pay about £140 ($230) to make up for the lost revenue of an ad-free internet. In a survey, 98% of consumers said they wouldn't be willing to pay that much for the ability to browse without advertisements. However, while most consumers regard ads as a necessary trade-off to keep the internet free, they will go to great lengths to avoid advertising they do not wish to see. Of those surveyed, 63 per cent said they skip online video ads 'as quickly as possible' – a figure that rises to 75 per cent for 16-24 year olds. Over a quarter of all respondents said they mute their sound and one in five scroll away from the video. 16 per cent use ad blocking software and 16 per cent open a new browser window or tab.

Calif. Court Rules Businesses Must Reimburse Cell Phone Bills 46

Posted by timothy , from the ok-but-stop-calling-her-from-work dept.
New submitter dszd0g writes The Court of Appeal of the State of California has ruled in Cochran v. Schwan's Home Service that California businesses must reimburse employees who BYOD for work. "We hold that when employees must use their personal cell phones for work-related calls, Labor Code section 2802 requires the employer to reimburse them. Whether the employees have cell phone plans with unlimited minutes or limited minutes, the reimbursement owed is a reasonable percentage of their cell phone bills." Forbes recommends businesses that require cell phone use for employees either provide cell phones to employees or establish forms for reimbursement, and that businesses that do not require cell phones establish a formal policy.

Professor Steve Ballmer Will Teach At Two Universities This Year 76

Posted by samzenpus , from the teaching!-teaching!-teaching! dept.
redletterdave (2493036) writes "When Steve Ballmer announced he was stepping down from Microsoft's board of directors, he cited a fall schedule that would "be hectic between teaching a new class and the start of the NBA season." It turns out Ballmer will teach an MBA class at Stanford's Graduate School of Business in the fall, and a class at USC's Marshall School of Business in the spring. Helen Chang, assistant director of communications at Stanford's Business School, told Business Insider that Ballmer will be working with faculty member Susan Athey for a strategic management course called "TRAMGT588: Leading organizations." As for the spring semester, Ballmer will head to Los Angeles — closer to where his Clippers will be playing — and teach a course at University of Southern California's Marshall School of Business. We reached out to the Marshall School, which declined to offer more details about Ballmer's class.

The First Particle Physics Evidence of Physics Beyond the Standard Model? 53

Posted by samzenpus , from the new-way-of-thinking dept.
StartsWithABang writes It's the holy grail of modern particle physics: discovering the first smoking-gun, direct evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model. Sure, there are unanswered questions and unsolved puzzles, ranging from dark matter to the hierarchy problem to the strong-CP problem, but there's no experimental result clubbing us over the head that can't be explained with standard particle physics. That is, the physics of the Standard Model in the framework of quantum field theory. Or is there? Take a look at the evidence from the muon's magnetic moment, and see what might be the future of physics.

National Science Foundation Awards $20 Million For Cloud Computing Experiments 16

Posted by samzenpus , from the paying-the-way-to-the-future dept.
aarondubrow writes The National Science Foundation today announced two $10 million projects to create cloud computing testbeds — to be called "Chameleon" and "CloudLab" — that will enable the academic research community to experiment with novel cloud architectures and pursue new, architecturally-enabled applications of cloud computing. While most of the original concepts for cloud computing came from the academic research community, as clouds grew in popularity, industry drove much of the design of their architecture. Today's awards complement industry's efforts and enable academic researchers to advance cloud computing architectures that can support a new generation of innovative applications, including real-time and safety-critical applications like those used in medical devices, power grids, and transportation systems.

China Pulls Plug On Genetically Modified Rice and Corn 99

Posted by samzenpus , from the not-on-my-plate dept.
sciencehabit writes China's Ministry of Agriculture has decided not to renew biosafety certificates that allowed research groups to grow genetically modified (GM) rice and corn. The permits, to grow two varieties of GM rice and one transgenic corn strain, expired on 17 August. The reasoning behind the move is not clear, and it has raised questions about the future of related research in China.

How Argonne National Lab Will Make Electric Cars Cheaper 92

Posted by samzenpus , from the cheap-charge dept.
ashshy writes Argonne National Lab is leading the charge on next-generation battery research. In an interview with The Motley Fool, Argonne spokesman Jeff Chamberlain explains how new lithium ion chemistries will drive down the cost of electric cars over the next few years. "The advent of lithium ion has truly enabled transportation uses," Chamberlain said. "Because if you remember your freshman chemistry, you think of the periodic table -- lithium is in the upper left-hand corner of the periodic table. Only hydrogen and helium are lighter on an atomic basis."

Study: Seals Infected Early Americans With Tuberculosis 65

Posted by samzenpus , from the seal-of-consumption dept.
mdsolar writes that a study suggests that tuberculosis first appeared in the New World less than 6,000 years ago and it was brought here by seals. After a remarkable analysis of bacterial DNA from 1,000-year-old mummies, scientists have proposed a new hypothesis for how tuberculosis arose and spread around the world. The disease originated less than 6,000 years ago in Africa, they say, and took a surprising route to reach the New World: it was carried across the Atlantic by seals. The new study, published Wednesday in the journal Nature, has already provoked strong reactions from other scientists. "This is a landmark paper that challenges our previous ideas about the origins of tuberculosis," said Terry Brown, a professor of biomolecular archaeology at the University of Manchester. "At the moment, I'm still in the astonished stage over this."

Smartphone Kill Switch, Consumer Boon Or Way For Government To Brick Your Phone? 228

Posted by samzenpus , from the best-of-both-worlds dept.
MojoKid writes We're often told that having a kill switch in our mobile devices — mostly our smartphones — is a good thing. At a basic level, that's hard to disagree with. If every mobile device had a built-in kill switch, theft would go down — who would waste their time over a device that probably won't work for very long? Here's where the problem lays: It's law enforcement that's pushing so hard for these kill switches. We first learned about this last summer, and this past May, California passed a law that requires smartphone vendors to implement the feature. In practice, if a smartphone has been stolen, or has been somehow compromised, its user or manufacturer would be able to remotely kill off its usability, something that would be reversed once the phone gets back into its rightful owner's hands. However, such functionality should be limited to the device's owner, and no one else. If the owner can disable a phone with nothing but access to a computer or another mobile device, so can Google, Samsung, Microsoft, Nokia or Apple. If the designers of a phone's operating system can brick a phone, guess who else can do the same? Everybody from the NSA to your friendly neighborhood police force, that's who. At most, all they'll need is a convincing argument that they're acting in the interest of "public safety."

Scientists Baffled By Unknown Source of Ozone-Depleting Chemical 228

Posted by Soulskill , from the i-blame-the-schools dept.
schwit1 writes: Scientists have found that, despite a complete ban since 2007, ozone-depleting chemicals are still being pumped into the atmosphere from some unknown source. "Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), which was once used in applications such as dry cleaning and as a fire-extinguishing agent, was regulated in 1987 under the Montreal Protocol along with other chlorofluorocarbons that destroy ozone and contribute to the ozone hole over Antarctica. Parties to the Montreal Protocol reported zero new CCl4 emissions between 2007-2012. However, the new research shows worldwide emissions of CCl4 average 39 kilotons (about 43,000 U.S. tons) per year, approximately 30 percent of peak emissions prior to the international treaty going into effect. "We are not supposed to be seeing this at all," said Qing Liang, an atmospheric scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, and lead author of the study published online in the Aug. 18 issue of Geophysical Research Letters, a journal of the American Geophysical Union. "It is now apparent there are either unidentified industrial leakages, large emissions from contaminated sites, or unknown CCl4 sources."

At Home with Tim O'Reilly (Videos 3 and 4 of 6) 5

Posted by Roblimo , from the he's-a-publishing-business-upshaker-who-supports-the-builder-and-the-maker dept.
Today's videos are parts three and four of our casual interview with Tim O'Reilly, founder of O'Reilly Media and one of the most influential open source boosters around. (You supplied the questions. He supplied the answers.) We had a lot more to say about Tim yesterday when we ran parts one and two of our video interview with him. (Today's alternate Video Links: Video 3 ~ Video 4; transcript covers both videos.)

Do Readers Absorb Less On Kindles Than On Paper? Not Necessarily 95

Posted by Soulskill , from the kindles-absorb-less-spilled-beverage-than-paper-books dept.
An anonymous reader writes eBooks are great and wonderful, but as The Guardian reports, they might not be as good for readers as paper books. Results from a new study show that test subjects who read a story on a Kindle had trouble recalling the proper order of the plot events. Out of 50 test subjects, half read a 28-page story on the Kindle, while half read the same story on paper. The Kindle group scored about the same on comprehension as the control group, but when they were asked to put the plot points in the proper order, the Kindle group was about twice as likely to get it wrong.

So, is this bad news for ebooks? Have we reached the limits of their usefulness? Not necessarily. While there is evidence that enhanced ebooks don't enhance education, an older study from 2012 showed that students who study with an e-textbook on an ebook reader actually scored as well or higher on tests than a control group who did not. While that doesn't prove the newer research wrong, it does suggest that further study is required.
What has your experience been with both recall and enjoyment when reading ebooks?

Tor Browser Security Under Scrutiny 72

Posted by Soulskill , from the shouldn't-we-be-funding-this-better dept.
msm1267 writes: The keepers of Tor commissioned a study testing the defenses and viability of their Firefox-based browser as a privacy tool. The results (PDF) were a bit eye-opening since the report's recommendations don't favor Firefox as a baseline for Tor, rather Google Chrome. But Tor's handlers concede that budget constraints and Chrome's limitations on proxy support make a switch or a fork impossible.

Linus Torvalds: 'I Still Want the Desktop' 538

Posted by Soulskill , from the go-big-or-go-home dept.
darthcamaro writes: Linux has clawed its way into lots of places these days. But at the LinuxCon conference in Chicago today Linus Torvalds was asked where Linux should go next. Torvalds didn't hesitate with his reply. "I still want the desktop," Torvalds said, as the audience erupted into boisterous applause. Torvalds doesn't see the desktop as being a kernel problem at this point, either, but rather one about infrastructure. While not ready to declare a "Year of the Linux Desktop" he still expects that to happen — one day.

Researchers Find Security Flaws In Backscatter X-ray Scanners 133

Posted by Soulskill , from the raise-your-hand-if-you're-surprised dept.
An anonymous reader writes: Researchers from UC San Diego, University of Michigan, and Johns Hopkins say they've found security vulnerabilities in full-body backscatter X-ray machines deployed to U.S. airports between 2009 and 2013. In lab tests, the researchers were able to conceal firearms and plastic explosive simulants from the Rapiscan Secure 1000 scanner, plus modify the scanner software so it presents an "all-clear" image to the operator even when contraband was detected. "Frankly, we were shocked by what we found," said lead researcher J. Alex Halderman. "A clever attacker can smuggle contraband past the machines using surprisingly low-tech techniques."

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